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What’s New in Process Chemistry – Issue 61 July 2017

Francis Arnold and her group have published a series of papers using modified Cytochrome P450 enzymes to cyclopropanate olefins with diazo esters1.  More recently they have used a related system to create chiral carbon-silicon bonds2. P.S. Coelho, E.M. Brustad, A. Kannan, and F.H. Arnold et al, Science, 2013, 339, 307-310; Z.J. Wang, H. Ranata, N.E.

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Fluoride Sources for Halex Reactions

The halex reaction is a great way to introduce a fluorine atom in to an aromatic ring, but the reaction often requires high temperatures and or long reaction times if metal fluorides are used.  Tetralkylammonium fluorides are a better option due to their higher solubility in the reaction medium, however these salts are often hydrated

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Reaction Calorimetry in Microreactor Environments

Flow chemistry is big news at the moment, but one of the issues from a scale up perspective has been carrying out some of the process hazard analysis, and in particular reaction calorimetry.  If reactants are unstable either thermally or chemically is it possible to get meaningful results from a conventional reaction calorimeter?  A recent

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Regulatory Starting Materials (RSMs)

There have been a number of papers on the subject of how to specify regulatory starting materials, with a bench marking exercise carried out by the IQ Consortium1.  Now a sub-group has published a risk assessment tool to evaluate potential regulatory starting materials2, particularly in early development. For any proposed RSM a score is built

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Oxazole Synthesis from Acetylenes and Nitriles

Oxazoles are relatively common heterocyclic rings, but are not always the easiest rings to prepare by de novo synthesis.  Two recent papers describe new methods for the preparation of these compounds1,2. In the first paper1, a heterogeneous gold catalyst (MCM-41-Ph3PAuNTf2) is used prepare oxazoles from an acetylene, a nitrile with the oxygen atom coming from

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Synthesizing Aromatic Nitriles via Cyanation

Cyanation of aromatic/heteroaromatic halides/pseudohalides is still not always a straightforward transformation, especially if the reaction needs to be scaled up. 2 Ar-X  +  Zn(CN)2  ®  2 ArCN  +  ZnX2 Workers at BMS have recently published a paper where they describe an improved protocol for this transformation1. They found that Pd2(dba)3 with XantPhos, Zn(CN)2 and i-Pr2NEt

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How many named organic reactions do you think we can find in biological systems? 10-20,  20-30,  30-40,  or 40-50? The answer can be found in this review in Angewandte¹. C.-I. Lin, R.M. McCarty, and H.-w. Liu, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2017, 56, 3446-3489.

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Photochemistry has to me always seemed to be an area whose potential for industrial manufacture has never been realized. I may be biased (I did my PhD on photochemistry from 1967-1970) but I feel the tremendous synthetic potential of photoreactions has not been exploited enough.  One of the reasons is that scale up of batch

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Organic Process Research and Development
27 September 2017 -
29 September 2017

Hazardous Chemistry for Streamlined Large Scale Synthesis
28 November 2017 -
29 November 2017

Organic Process Research and Development
05 March 2018 -
07 March 2018

Practical Approaches to Quality by Design for Pharmaceutical Process R&D and Manufacturing
11 September 2017 -
13 September 2017

Practical Catalysis
20 September 2017 -
22 September 2017

Secrets of Batch Process Scale-Up
26 September 2017 -
28 September 2017

25 September 2017
Borylation – Making Boronic Acids and Derivatives
10 November 2017
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